Modern British Art by William Nicholson: Prince Bismarck |





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William Nicholson:
Prince Bismarck

Unmounted (ref: 2623)

Chromolithograph after the original woodcut, 10 3/8 x 9 3/4 in.
(26.4 x 24.8 cm.)

Tags: portraits

Inscribed on the stone, upper left 'William Nicholson' and beneath, 'Prince Bismarck'

Otto, Prince von Bismarck (1815-1898), as chancellor to the Emperor Wilhelm I, was the architect of a united Germany. The accession of Wilhelm II in 1888 spelt his political downfall. Nicholson's portrait of Bismarck appeared first as a supplement to the New Review in December 1897. It was subsequently re-issued as no. 3 in Twelve Portraits, first series, published by William Heinemann in 1899.

The Twelve Portraits series was published in September 1899 in two editions: a portfolio of hand-coloured woodcuts and a portfolio of lithographic reproductions mounted ready for framing. The majority of the prints had initially been conceived as individual works, and it was expedience alone that brought them together in a set; but the series in its published form is not without homogeneity. Certainly it fulfilled its aim of portraying a representative selection of the most notable men and women of the day. `A few years hence,' claimed a reviewer in the 9 December 1899 issue of Literature, `Mr Nicholson's portfolio of Twelve Portraits ... will be of undoubted historical value.' Perhaps this was going too far, but mans- critics believed that Twelve Portraits contained Nicholson's best work, and indeed it was this series that was to earn the artist a gold medal at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1900.

Early in 1901 a second series of 12 portraits was proposed. Heinemann sent Nicholson a list of suggested sitters in July, but work on the project proceeded very slowly and it was not until the summer of 1902 that the portraits were finally delivered. Nicholson, always ready to re-use existing material, commandeered his Lord Kitchener (1898) and William 11 (1899) for this series (the latter was published in a slightly revised form), and also made use of studies of Thomas Edison, Theodore Roosevelt and Mark Twain made in New York in the autumn of 1900. The remaining seven portraits were conceived and executed in 1901/2: Queen Alexandra [104], Joseph Chamberlain (Colonial Secretary at the time of the Boer War), Li-Hung Chang (the Chinese statesman), Henrik Ibsen (whose plays Heinemann published in English translations), Sada Yacco (the Japanese actress who modelled for Rodin) [20], E/eonora Dose (the great Italian tragedienne), and Pope Leo XIII.

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